Texas Hill Country History

The Texas Hill Country is a region in the U.S. that encompasses one third of the state of Texas and encompasses twenty-five counties near the geographical center of Texas. It is home to German immigrants who settled in the area in 1847, and it is now home to a number of German-style communities, including Fredericksburg, New Braunfels, and Boerne. Many settled near Fredericksburg and named their settlement Comfort after their hometown Como on Lake Como near Milan, Italy.

The Texas State Historical Association notes that between 1840 and 1850 significant numbers of settlers, mostly southern mountaineers, had been attracted to the Hill Country, particularly to Williamson, Hays, Comal, and Gillespie counties. Settlers from the mountain states of Tennessee, Arkansas, and Missouri composed the largest nativity groups within the rural, immigrant, Anglo-American population of these counties. The initial settlement of the remaining Hill Country counties occurred in the decade before the outbreak of the Civil War, as migration into the hills continued on a larger scale. According to a count of the 1860 manuscript census the leading states of origin for the Anglo-American population were still Arkansas and Tennessee. In the 1880 census the trend remained the same, supporting the claim that migration from the Ozark, Ouachita, and Appalachian states was largely responsible for the settlement of the Hill Country.

The earliest German immigrants to the area settled in New Braunfels and Fredericksburg. These two towns grew quickly, thanks to the arrival of more Germans and the discovery of limestone deposits for construction. The limestone was used to build many of the buildings in New Braunfels, including a flour mill, brewery, and a Catholic church.

Zach Biermann, Legacy’s Partner and Realtor®, has a long family history with the beautiful hill country. The Biermann family came to the Texas Hill Country in 1867, Zachary’s paternal great-great grandfather Carl W. Biermann, settled in Comfort on what is now Lindner Feed Milling Company and his maternal great-great grandfather settled on a ranch just outside Sisterdale, Texas where his cousins still ranch today. In 1910, Zach’s great grandfather, Carl W. Biermann, purchased approximately 300 acres just outside of Comfort, Texas that has since continued to be in the Biermann family for 106 years. It was passed down to his Carl W Biermann’s son, Carlton A. Biermann in 1990. The ranch has a family hunting history of over 100 years. The ranch was used mainly for crops, cattle farming and family hunting for years and was just recently over the past 5 years turned into a management ranch for wildlife. The ranch is now run by Zachary C. Biermann, the grandson of Carlton A. Biermann.

This gorgeous expansive part of Texas is rich in history, culture and today has some of the most gorgeous homes and countryside in the state.